Do you know more about Volcano? There are very many volcanoes in the world, around 1,500 active volcanoes in the world. Out of these, around 500 volcanoes have erupted at least once in a time. Below is the scrutiny of 10 volcanoes around the world, their years of the last eruption, and the damage they caused to property and the lives of the people affected in the surrounding villages and cities. We also tell you about VOLCANO SAFETY TIPS ~ How to escape a volcanic eruption. Please take a look!
List of the 10 types Volcanoes around the World:
10. Mount Aso, Kyushu, Japan
Aso stands to be Japan’s most active volcanic mountain. It is also among the most significant volcanoes on the global scale with a peak of 1592 meters. Mount Aso is in Aso Kujū national park, southern island of Kyushu. Geographical experts have claimed that Mount Aso has shown signs of an eruption soon. Also last exploded in 1980, affecting about 29,000 households adversely.
The violent emissions of this gassy beast make its surrounding areas seem closed off. On the global scale, the volcano features one of the largest calderas. It, therefore, offers multiple lookouts from its twisted and bumpy landscape. There are plenty of wonders to explore within this caldera.
9. Whakaari, New Zealand
The Whakaari rises to a reputable height of 1,600 meters above seafloor when measured from its oceanic base. At 321 meters, this volcano is slightly higher than the Leith Hill in Surrey and only a few kilometers wider in diameter. It is 49 kilometers away from the North Island coast.
The last eruption of the mountain occurred in 2013 having taken the lives of two dozen people, injured 20 people, and severe damage to the property of the neighboring villages.
However, Whakaari is very safe for guided tours, and this is thanks to its moderately stable nature and extreme monitoring. Whakaari has a gap in the walls that allow guests to go straight into the volcano even without climbing around. Tourists are given to tourists. The tourists can see fumaroles firing hot gases, steam, hot springs and rocks, an acidic pool, some boiling mud, and numerous seabirds.
8. Mount Etna, Sicily, Italy
Mount Etna beautifully dominates Eastern Sicily and the city of Catania. It is lovely because unlike most volcanoes, this one lacks competing peaks. Even though the volcano erupts frequently, guests are allowed to reach the highest-allowable points of Etna, 2920 meters, in the afternoons.
The mountain features solidified lava flows. This lava flows from the volcano and reaches into villages and towns while forming craters at the levels of the mountain. In 1669, these side fissures posed a significant risk to the city of Catania, together with its neighboring villages.
The safest way of exploring the volcano and its environs is by the use of a train. You can rely on the scenic Circumetnea Railways that goes around the base of Etna, slowly enough to enable guests to see the natural beauty of the volcano.
7. Mount Vesuvius, Naples, Italy
Mount Vesuvius is perhaps the most popular and touristy volcano in the world. Vesuvius is ranked as the fifth highest mountain in the United Kingdom and has an approximate height of 1,281 meters. It last erupted in 1944, killing almost 30,000 people and destroying thousands of properties. The mountain carries a profound sense of history.
Nowadays, Vesuvius is always in tranquil contemplation, because of the ferocity of nature and the crowds visiting it may not allow it “boil up and out” peacefully. Steam mounts from the parts of this crater. Additionally, the closer you approach the volcano, the stronger you will smell the Sulphur.
The path that is commonly used by tourists to access the volcano leads to one edge of the significant crater. There are no visitors centers or public toilets on or around Mount Vesuvius but the distant views are quite spectacular. The nearest railway station to the mountain is the Ercolano Scavi Railway Station from taxis and minibusses can take you up the hill.
6. Mount Stromboli, Sicily, Italy
Mount Stromboli has its name from the Italian turnover with a 924-meter-tall volcano. Its explosive activity is constant with the next one seems to be very near. The volcano keeps erupting almost continuously after 2,000 years. The Stromboli island had been occupied by thousands of people some 100 years ago. However, most of these inhabitants moved away because of the continuous ash showers that threatened life and property.
Mount Stromboli does not need climbing skills as it has a modest size. However, visitors have found it somewhat difficult to climb to its summit.It takes approximately six hours to go through the mountain: Going up takes an average of three hours, viewing around the crater takes an average of one hour and you will need like one and a half hours to climb down the volcano. You will need a guide from above the 4—meter point known as Sciara del Fuoco. From this point, Sciara del Fuoco, the belch of magma is visible at the summit.
Mild explosions are usually seen at dusk and appear like the roman candles; this happens after every half hour. The marked trail to the Sciara del Fuoco begins in Piscità some 2 kilometer west of the Stromboli port.
5. Kīlauea, Hawaii
Kīlauea is well known because it is an accessible active volcano, receiving around three million visitors per annum. At 1,247 meters, Kīlauea does not even come close to the tallest volcano in Hawaii. It looks like a dwarf when compared with Mauna Loa which has a height of 4,169 meters.
The volcano belches out large quantities of slow-moving lava that has been flowing nonstop since 1983. The last explosion left 700 structures destroyed, 200 people displaced from their homes, and almost 30,000 people killed.Fortunately for visitors, Kīlauea does not have disastrous explosions. The lava fountains are beautiful and attractive.
The Jaggar Museum and the Kilauea Center offer incredible outlooks of the lava lake found in Halema’uma’u crater. When it becomes dark, the scene takes a different complexion. The landscape and clouds become illuminated when the magma glows.
See also: 10 deadliest Earthquakes
4. Arenal, Costa Rica
The Arenal Volcano is an active stratovolcano found in the north-western sides of Costa Rica. It has a natural height of 1,479 feet and had its last eruption in 2010. In this eruption, it killed more than 100 people and buried three villages. Very many livestock, property, and crops were also destroyed.
Arenal has become a popular tourist attraction in Costa Rica because of its explosive and beautiful qualities, just like Mount Fuji in Japan. This beauty can, however, be sometimes fierce. It has been erupting unexpectedly since 1968 after being dormant for many centuries. The explosions if Arenal destroys the lives and properties of the residents of Tabacón town.
Unlike most volcanoes, Arenal has its national park with many streams from which guests can explore flora and fauna of the area. The trails beautifully cross the lava fields that have been created by previous eruptions and lead visitors through the rain forest. It takes a three-hour drive from San José to reach the volcano.
3. Mount Batur, Bali, Indonesia
Mount Batur is an active volcano with a height of 1,717 meters. The mountain has some mild-to-moderate explosion activities, and lava flows. During its last eruption in 2000, Batur not only destroyed property but it also consumed the lives of very many people. The neighboring area of Mount Batur is volcanic.
The mountain also offers a superb view of lakes, forests, and other volcanoes. In the afternoons, clouds usually build up obscuring this view. The most straightforward route to reach up the mountain is from the Toya Bungkah village since, from this village, most of the climbing activity is through a shaded forest. It takes an average of 2 and a half hours to climb the mountain.
2. The Piton de la Fournaise, Réunion, Indian Ocean
The Piton de la Fournaise is an extremely active volcano, with a height of 2,632 meters. It has a very recent eruption, dated 11th August 2019 destroying plenty of properties. Just like Kīlauea, the Piton de la Fournaise gives its fantastic light shows and lava regularly. Paths and roads are linking the dormant and active craters of this volcano.
Access to Piton de la Fournaise irregular because of its active eruptions. However, there is a forestry road that connects to Pas de Bellecombe from where visitors can get guided cars to drive them to the calderas through the subtropical scenery.
1. Nisyros, Dodecanese, Greece
The volcano is on the Nisyros island, the Dodecanese between Tilos and Kos. Nisyros is the least active and least well-known volcano in this top 10 list. It does not mean that the mountain is unknown on a global scale. It merely means that the volcano may not have made the current headlines because it last erupted in 1888.
Nowadays, magma still rises from beneath the Nisyros island, and the seismic movements seem to be increasing. There is also high temperature due to the volcano’s vent emissions and all these might be a sign of an erupting soon. Nisyros has a diameter of 8 kilometers and a caldera that is 3 kilometers wide. Currently, very many villages have doted the entire island. The caldera bubbles up with hot gases, has active fumaroles, and several hot springs.
VOLCANO SAFETY TIPS ~ How to escape a volcanic eruption:
What should I do just before an eruption?
When you hear the broadcast of an eruption occurring near you and evacuation is necessary, start by making arrangements for housing your family. The accommodation should be far from where you stay, and not even the neighboring places. Be sure to have the contacts of all your loved ones in case members are separated.
Create a light and portable kit and include a portable radio, flashlights, emergency cooking equipment, new batteries, drinking water, non-perishable food, first-aid kit, and essential medicines. If you can travel from your area of residence, do it as soon as you can and do not wait for the last-minute rush.
Is it safe to stay at home and wait out an eruption?
If you are in the hazard zone, staying at home to wait for an eruption is the most dangerous thing to do. Some outbursts are usually very violent and contain hot gases, flying debris, hot lava flow, mudflows, and lateral blast. The danger of the mentioned elements of a volcanic eruption is that they tend to increase.
Some like mudflows come as long heavy rains and move very quickly than you can run or walk. The elements are usually very wild and may “break into” your house. Therefore, instead of waiting out an eruption, follow all the evacuation orders that are being issued by your authorities and if possible, evacuate from your house immediately. It is a matter of life and death.
What if I am on the road and I get to learn that an eruption has just occurred?
Keenly look upstream before you cross any bridge. If you see a bridge with mudflow, avoid the bridge and look for another path to use. Avoid low-lying areas and using river valleys and always look out for falling ashes. If you can rush home, do so and if possible, help the neighbors who may be needing special assistance – disable people, infants, or older adults.
And also If you are driving, do not go to the direction of the particles from volcanic eruptions. If you can avoid driving cars or truck engines, please do so since driving stirs up the volcanic ashes that may damage the parts of the vehicle, clog engines, and stall the car.
What should I do when I learn that a volcano has erupted and I am in my house?
Listen to the local station since they always give the most appropriate advice to be used by residents of a particular situation. Carefully follow the evacuation orders given by the authorities while putting your emergency plan in action. Stay updated on the latest warnings, watches, and advisories.
If it seems impossible to escape, close all the doors and windows of your house using dampers to prevent the hot volcanic ash from coming inside your home and bring all your livestock in closed shelters. Also, remember to put all your machinery in a barn or a garage and if these are not available, cover the motors with huge tarps.